A Survey of the Growth in Morality in Adolescences with the Management of Parents

Maryam Safara

Abstract


http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/ajps-0502148

One of the important aspects of development is the understanding social values and the object of teaching moral values that create self-preservation and acquiring power opposing by discriminating the illogical inclination. It is therefore it is needed to recognize the moral balance and being equal the moral scale in action. Or the output of the result, moral or immoral. There are three stages of the moral growth in the different cultures that are firm and unchangeable. The present research work has the object to study the moral growth in young girls, whom cross road of secondary school stage. There administrative relation with their parents. This work is based on two stage, of middle school and senior secondary stage. For the moral growth of the youths, moral texts to make at the base of Kohlberg’s moral test; by looking at the administrative relations with the parents for that purpose a questionnaire to be prepared. The date collect on the base of that. The analysis to make on the base of statistics. The result living in the democratic atmosphere is lead to higher moral growth than living in Participatory administrative system. Also, the results of participatory leadership of parents are lead to growth in morality of adolescences.


Full Text:

PDF 167-175

References


Puzzanchera, C. (2009). Juvenile arrests 2008 (NCJ 228479). Retrieved from Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/228479.pdf.

Leather Nicola, C. (2009). Risk-taking behavior in adolescence: a literature review, Journal of Child Health Care; vol. 13, 3: pp. 295-304.

Brewer Helen M., Jonathan A. Smith, Virginia Eatough, Cath A. Stanley, Neil W. Glendinning, and Oliver W.J. Quarrell. (2007). caring for a child with Juvenile Huntington’s disease: helpful and unhelpful support J Child Health Care; vol. 11, 1: pp. 40-52.

Dong Hee Kim and Yeo Jin Im (2014). Resilience as a protective factor for the behavioral problems in school-aged children with atopic dermatitis J Child Health Care; vol. 18, 1: pp. 47-56.

Desjardin, J.L. (2003). Assessing parental perceptions of self-efficacy and involvement in families of young children with hearing loss. The Volta Review, 103(4) (monograph), 391-409.

Smetana J G (1995). Parenting Styles and Conceptions of Parental Authority during Adolescence. Child Development, 66: 299-316.

Ayers, H. & Prytys, G. (2002). An A to Z Practical Guide to Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties. London: David Fulton Publishers.

Gottman, J. (1997). The Heart of Parenting. How to Raise an Emotionally Intelligent Child. London: Bloomsbury.

Louw, D. A., Louw, A. E., Van Ede, D. M. (1998). Human Development. Pretoria: KAGISO Tertiary.

Colby, A., & Kohlberg, L. (Eds.). (1987). The measurement of moral judgment (Vols. 1 and 2). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kohlberg, L. (1968). The child as moral philosopher. Psychology Today, 7, 25–30.

Kohlberg, L. (1971). Stages of moral development as a basis for moral education. In C. Beck & B. Crittenden (Eds.), Moral Education (pp. 30-41) New York: Newman Press.

Kohlberg, L. (1972). A cognitive developmental approach to moral education. Humanist, 32 (6), 13-16.

Kohlberg, L. (1976). Moral stages and moralization: The cognitive-developmental approach. In T. Lickona (Ed.), Moral development and behavior. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Kelley, A. E., Schochet, T. and Landry, C. F. (2004). Risk taking and novelty seeking in adolescence. Annals of the New York Society for Sciences, 1021, 27-32. doi: 10.1196/annals.1308.003.

Boyer, T. W. (2006). The development of risk-taking: A multi-perspective review. Developmental Review, 26(3), 291-345. doi: 10.1016/j.dr.2006.05.002.

Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Luyckx, K., Goossens, L. (2006). Parenting and adolescent problem behaviour: An integrated model with adolescent self-disclosure and perceived parental knowledge as intervening variables. Developmental Psychology, 42, 305-318.

Stattin, H., & Kerr, M. (2000). Parental Monitoring: A reinterpretation. Child Development, 71, 1072-1085.

Fletcher, A.C., Steinberg, L., & Williams-Wheeler, M. (2004). Parental influences onadolescent problem behavior: Revisiting Stattin and Kerr. Child development, 75(3), 781-96.

Morrongiello, B. & Lasenby-Lessard, J. (2007). Psychological determinants of risk taking by children: an integrative model and implications for interventions. Injury Prevention, 13, 20-25. doi: 10.1136/ip.2004.011296.

Willoughby, T. & Hamza, C. (2011). A longitudinal examination of the bidirectional associations among perceived parenting behaviors, adolescent disclosure and problem behavior across the high school years. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40, 463-478.

Morrongiello, B., Corbett, M., Bellissimo, A. (2008). “Do as I say, not as I do”: Family influences on children’s safety and risk behaviors. Health Psychology, 27 (4), 498-503.

Bretherton, I., Waters, A. (1985). Growing Points of Attachment Theory and Research. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 29.

Hart, D. (1988). A Longitudinal Study of Adolescents’ Socialization and Identification as Predictors of Adult. Moral Judgment Development. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 34: 245-260.

Powers SI (1988). Moral Judgment Development within the Family. Journal of Moral Education, 17: 209- 219.

Volling, B.L., Mahoney, A., Rauer, A.J. (2009). Sanctification of parenting, moral socialization, and young children's conscience development. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 1(1), 53-68Walker LJ, Taylor JH 1991. Family Interactions and the Development of Moral Reasoning. Child Development, 62: 264-283

Steinberg, L., Blatt-Eisengart, I., & Cauffman, E. (2006). Patterns of competence and adjustment among adolescents from authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful homes: A replication in a sample of serious juvenile offenders. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16(1), 47-58.

Poulin, F., Dishion, T. J., Burraston, B. (2001). 3-Year iatrogenic effects associated with aggregating high-risk adolescents in cognitive – behavioral preventive interventions. Applied Developmental Science, 5(4), 214-224.

Dishion, T. J., McCord, J., Poulin, F. (1999). When interventions harm: Peer groups and problem behavior. American Psychologist, 54(9), 755-764.

Gershoff, E. (2002). ‘Parental Corporal Punishment and Associated Child Behaviors and Experiences: A Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review’, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 128, pp. 539-79.

Fergusson, D.M., Lynskey, M.T. (1997). ‘Physical punishment/maltreatment during childhood and adjustment in young adulthood’, Child Abuse and Neglect, Vol. 21, pp. 617-30.

Mulvaney Matthew K. and Carolyn J. Mebert (2007). Parental Corporal Punishment Predicts Behavior Problems in Early Childhood. Journal of Family Psychology., Vol. 21, No. 3, 389–397

Zisser, A., Eyberg, S.M. (2010). Treating oppositional behavior in children using parent-child interaction therapy. In A.E. Kazdin& J.R. Weisz (Eds.) Evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents (2nd ed., pp. 179-193). New York: Guilford.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/ajps-0502248

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

World of Researches Publication