The Personality Characteristics, Attachment Style and Locus of Control in Patient Stricken Anxiety Disorder and Control Group

Hosein Kiaee Rad


The aim of present research was to compare the personality characteristics, attachment style and locus of control in patient stricken anxiety disorder and evidence group .in this present descriptive pattern, 200 (100 male and 100 female) citizens of shiraz city participate in this research in winter and spring 90 and 91.In this research, statistical population of anxious persons were all of patient stricken anxiety disorder that referred to psychiatric policlinic, and statistical population of common, was employee and students of university. All of participants completed NEO personality questionnaire Hazan and Shaver's attachment style questionnaire, Rotter's locus of control questionnaire and Beck's anxiety questionnaire. For data analysis, statistical tests including dependent t test, chi-square and discriminant analysis have been used. The results showed that there is significant relationship between personality characteristics of patient stricken anxiety disorder and control group (p<0.05). There is significant relationship between two groups in avoidance and ambivalence dimensions of attachment style (p<0.05). Also the findings showed that were observed significant differences in locus of control between two groups(p<0.1).Also the results of discrimination analysis test with step by step method showed that preventive variables could prevention the dependent variables and separate two groups with each other’s by 94/5percent rate success. The results showed that there is significant difference between personality characteristics, attachment style and locus of control of patient stricken anxiety disorder with control group. Therefore, attention to normal personality, attachment style and internal locus of control reinforcement to mental health care-givers is suggested.

Full Text:



Beeney, Joseph E., Stepp, Stephanie D., Hallquist, Michael N., Ringwald, Whitney R., Wright, Aidan G. C., Lazarus, Sophie A., . . . Pilkonis, Paul A. (2019). Attachment styles, social behavior, and personality functioning in romantic relationships. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 10(3), 275-285. doi: 10.1037/per0000317

Bouazzaoui, B., Fay, S., Guerrero-Sastoque, L., Semaine, M., Isingrini, M., & Taconnat, L. (2020). Memory Age-based Stereotype Threat: Role of Locus of Control and Anxiety. Experimental Aging Research, 46(1), 39-51. doi: 10.1080/0361073X.2019.1693009

Fearon, Paul, & Hotopf, Matthew. (2001). Relation between headache in childhood and physical and psychiatric symptoms in adulthood: national birth cohort study. Bmj, 322(7295), 1145.

Hirsh, Jacob B, & Kang, Sonia K. (2016). Mechanisms of identity conflict: Uncertainty, anxiety, and the behavioral inhibition system. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 20(3), 223-244.

Jankowska, Anna M, Lewandowska-Walter, Aleksandra, Chalupa, AA, Jonak, Jolanta, Duszynski, Ramzia, & Mazurkiewicz, Natalia. (2015). Understanding the Relationships Between Attachment Styles, Locus of Control, School Maladaptation, and Depression Symptoms Among Students in Foster Care. Paper presented at the School Psychology Forum.

Leong, Frederick TL, Okazaki, Sumie, & Tak, Jinkook. (2003). Assessment of depression and anxiety in East Asia. Psychological Assessment, 15(3), 290.

Maass, Saskia WMC, Roorda, C, Berendsen, Annette J, Verhaak, Peter FM, & de Bock, Geertruida H. (2015). The prevalence of long-term symptoms of depression and anxiety after breast cancer treatment: a systematic review. Maturitas, 82(1), 100-108.

Mammen, George, Rueda, Sergio, Roerecke, Michael, Bonato, Sarah, Lev-Ran, Shaul, & Rehm, Jürgen. (2018). Association of Cannabis With Long-Term Clinical Symptoms in Anxiety and Mood Disorders: A Systematic Review of Prospective Studies. The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 79(4), DOI: 10.4088/jcp.4017r11839.

Marshall, SW, Albery, IP, & Frings, D. (2018). Who stays in addiction treatment groups? Anxiety and avoidant attachment styles predict treatment retention and relapse. Clinical psychology & psychotherapy, 25(4), 525-531.

Mihaylova, Iv, Avramova, N, & Vasilev, B. (2018). Personality Traits And Dental Anxiety. J Med Dent Sci, 1(7), 8-11.

Montesinos, Jorge, Pascual, María, Rodríguez-Arias, Marta, Miñarro, Jose, & Guerri, Consuelo. (2016). Involvement of TLR4 in the long-term epigenetic changes, rewarding and anxiety effects induced by intermittent ethanol treatment in adolescence. Brain, behavior, and immunity, 53, 159-171.

Notzon, S, Domschke, K, Holitschke, K, Ziegler, C, Arolt, V, Pauli, P, . . . Zwanzger, P. (2016). Attachment style and oxytocin receptor gene variation interact in influencing social anxiety. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 17(1), 76-83.

Omani Samani, Reza, Maroufizadeh, Saman, Navid, Behnaz, & Amini, Payam. (2017). Locus of control, anxiety, and depression in infertile patients. Psychology, health & medicine, 22(1), 44-50.

Power, Chris, Stansfeld, Stephen A, Matthews, Sharon, Manor, Orly, & Hope, Steven. (2002). Childhood and adulthood risk factors for socio-economic differentials in psychological distress: evidence from the 1958 British birth cohort. Social science & medicine, 55(11), 1989-2004.

Rahm-Knigge, Ryan L, Prince, Mark A, & Conner, Bradley T. (2018). Social interaction anxiety and personality traits predicting engagement in health risk sexual behaviors. Journal of anxiety disorders, 57, 57-65.

Saraso11, Irwin C. (2013). Test anxiety, worry, and cognitive interference Self-related cognitions in anxiety and motivation (pp. 29-44): Psychology Press.

Schimmenti, Adriano, & Bifulco, Antonia. (2015). Linking lack of care in childhood to anxiety disorders in emerging adulthood: the role of attachment styles. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 20(1), 41-48.

Sharif, Saeed Pahlevan. (2017). Locus of control, quality of life, anxiety, and depression among Malaysian breast cancer patients: The mediating role of uncertainty. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 27, 28-35.

Shehata, Ghaydaa A, El Mistikawi, Taha, Al Sayed, K Risha, & Hassan, Huda S. (2015). The effect of aphasia upon personality traits, depression and anxiety among stroke patients. Journal of affective disorders, 172, 312-314.

Theisen, Jaclyn C, Fraley, R Chris, Hankin, Benjamin L, Young, Jami F, & Chopik, William J. (2018). How do attachment styles change from childhood through adolescence? Findings from an accelerated longitudinal Cohort study. Journal of Research in Personality, 74, 141-146.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

World of Researches Publication