Resiliency in Elderly persons referring to Qods Nursing Center of Tehran: The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment therapy

Zahra ShakibeeSabetLangroodi

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of admission and commitment training on resilience in the elderly. This research was conducted in a semi-experimental design with 30 participants, among whom 26 were male and 4 men from Tehran Qods elderly care center were randomly selected in two groups of 15 controls and tested. The elderly of the experimental group received 8 sessions of admission and commitment, and both groups filled out resilient questionnaires before and after the education sessions. To measure the effect of training in each group, paired t-test and independent t-test were used to compare the control and experimental groups. The results also showed that the difference between the mean change in resilience scores through admission and commitment training was 1.93 units, which was not significant (p <0.05). Therefore, the research hypothesis that demonstrates the effectiveness of admission training and commitment to resilience in the elderly is not confirmed.

Full Text:

PDF 149-159

References


Antonucci, Toni C, Berkman, Lisa, Börsch-Supan, Axel, Carstensen, Laura L, Fried, Linda P, Furstenberg, Frank F, . . . Olshansky, S Jay. (2016). Society and the Individual at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (pp. 41-62): Elsevier.

Ayduk, Özlem, & Kross, Ethan. (2010). From a distance: implications of spontaneous self-distancing for adaptive self-reflection. Journal of personality and social psychology, 98(5), 809.

Azizi, Maryam. , Hsanabadi, Hosein., Mahram, Behrouz., & Saeidi, Morteza. (2013). The Effectiveness of ACT Acceptance and Commitment Group Therapy on Improving Resiliency in People with Chronic Headache. Paper presented at the Second National Conference on Research and Treatment in Clinical Psychology, Tehran, Iran [In Persian].

Bond, Frank W, Hayes, Steven C, & Barnes-Holmes, Dermot. (2006). Psychological flexibility, ACT, and organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 26(1-2), 25-54.

Broderick, Joan E, Keefe, Francis J, Schneider, Stefan, Junghaenel, Doerte U, Bruckenthal, Patricia, Schwartz, Joseph E, . . . Gould, Elaine. (2016). Cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain is effective, but for whom? Pain, 157(9), 2115-2123.

Connor, Kathryn M, & Davidson, Jonathan RT.(2013). Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson resilience scale (CD‐RISC). Depression and anxiety, 18(2), 76-82.

Fletcher, David, & Sarkar, Mustafa. (2013). Psychological resilience: A review and critique of definitions, concepts, and theory. European psychologist, 18(1), 12.

Forman, Robert KC. (1999). Mysticism, mind, consciousness: SUNY Press.

Fredrickson, Barbara L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American psychologist, 56(3), 218.

Genereux, Melissa, Maltais, Danielle, Roy, Mathieu, Maillet, Marie-Claude, Gosselin, Janot, & Petit, Geneviève. (2017). Post-disaster recovery, mental health and resiliency: the role of public health organizations. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 32(S1), S199-S200.

Gooding, PA, Hurst, A, Johnson, J, & Tarrier, N. (2012). Psychological resilience in young and older adults. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 27(3), 262-270.

Hassani, Parkhide, Izadi-Avanji, Fatemeh-Sadat, Rakhshan, Mahnaz, & Majd, Hamid Alavi. (2017). A phenomenological study on resilience of the elderly suffering from chronic disease: a qualitative study. Psychology research and behavior management, 10, 59.

Hayes, Steven C. (2004). Acceptance and commitment therapy, relational frame theory, and the third wave of behavioral and cognitive therapies. Behavior therapy, 35(4), 639-665.

Hayes, Steven C, Luoma, Jason B, Bond, Frank W, Masuda, Akihiko, & Lillis, Jason. (2006). Acceptance and commitment therapy: Model, processes and outcomes. Behaviour research and therapy, 44(1), 1-25.

Heidarian, Andisheh, Sajjadian, Ilnaz, & Heidari, Somayeh. (2017). Effectiveness of group-base acceptance and commitment therapy on mindfulness and acceptance in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorders. Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies, 7(0), 28-28.

Hjemdal, Odin, Friborg, Oddgeir, Stiles, Tore C, Rosenvinge, Jan H, & Martinussen, Monica. (2006). Resilience predicting psychiatric symptoms: A prospective study of protective factors and their role in adjustment to stressful life events. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy: An International Journal of Theory & Practice, 13(3), 194-201.

Luthans, Fred, Avey, James B, Avolio, Bruce J, Norman, Steven M, & Combs, Gwendolyn M. (2006). Psychological capital development: toward a micro‐intervention. Journal of Organizational Behavior: The International Journal of Industrial, Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Behavior, 27(3), 387-393.

Luthar, Suniya S, & Zelazo, Laurel Bidwell. (2003). Research on resilience: An integrative review. Resilience and vulnerability: Adaptation in the context of childhood adversities, 2, 510-549.

MacLeod, Stephanie, Musich, Shirley, Hawkins, Kevin, Alsgaard, Kathleen, & Wicker, Ellen R. (2016). The impact of resilience among older adults. Geriatric Nursing, 37(4), 266-272.

Madewell, Amy N, & Ponce-Garcia, Elisabeth. (2016). Assessing resilience in emerging adulthood: The resilience scale (RS), Connor–Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC), and scale of protective factors (SPF). Personality and Individual differences, 97, 249-255.

Masten, Ann S. (2001). Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development. American psychologist, 56(3), 227.

Meichenbaum, Donald. (2017). Teaching thinking: A cognitive behavioral perspective The Evolution of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (pp. 85-104): Routledge.

Mirea, Daniel. (2013). Developing Resilience: A Cognitive-Behavioural Approach. Existential Analysis, 24(2), 342-347.

Neenan, Michael. (2009). Developing resilience: A cognitive-behavioural approach: Routledge.

Norris, Fran H, Stevens, Susan P, Pfefferbaum, Betty, Wyche, Karen F, & Pfefferbaum, Rose L. (2008). Community resilience as a metaphor, theory, set of capacities, and strategy for disaster readiness. American journal of community psychology, 41(1-2), 127-150.

Olshansky, S Jay, Goldman, Dana P, Zheng, Yuhui, & Rowe, John W. (2009). Aging in America in the twenty‐first century: demographic forecasts from the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on an aging society. The Milbank Quarterly, 87(4), 842-862.

Peterson, Candida C. (2013). Looking forward through the lifespan: Developmental psychology: Pearson Higher Education AU.

Sadeghi, Masoumeh, Haghdoost, Ali Akbar, Bahrampour, Abbas, & Dehghani, Mohsen. (2017). Modeling the burden of cardiovascular diseases in Iran from 2005 to 2025: The impact of demographic changes. Iranian journal of public health, 46(4), 506.

Smith, Jennifer L, & Hollinger-Smith, Linda. (2015). Savoring, resilience, and psychological well-being in older adults. Aging & mental health, 19(3), 192-200.

Tan, Lucy BG, & Martin, Graham. (2016). Mind full or mindful: A report on mindfulness and psychological health in healthy adolescents. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 21(1), 64-74.

Tugade, Michele M, & Fredrickson, Barbara L. (2004). Resilient individuals use positive emotions to bounce back from negative emotional experiences. Journal of personality and social psychology, 86(2), 320.

Van Dam, Nicholas T, van Vugt, Marieke K, Vago, David R, Schmalzl, Laura, Saron, Clifford D, Olendzki, Andrew, . . . Gorchov, Jolie. (2018). Mind the hype: A critical evaluation and prescriptive agenda for research on mindfulness and meditation. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(1), 36-61.

White, Brian, Driver, Simon, & Warren, Ann Marie. (2010). Resilience and indicators of adjustment during rehabilitation from a spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation psychology, 55(1), 23.

Wilens, Timothy E, Biederman, Joseph, Spencer, Thomas J, Bostic, Jeff, Prince, Jefferson, Monuteaux, Michael C, . . . Rater, Michael. (1999). A pilot controlled clinical trial of ABT-418, a cholinergic agonist, in the treatment of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156(12), 1931-1937.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

World of Researches Publication