Sociobiology is Not a Theory of Evolution but a Branch of Entomology, which Deals with Social Insects

Md AbdulAhad


Sociobiology is the latest theory of evolution. Edwad. O. Wilson, an American entomologist advocates this theory in 1975. The basic principle of this theory is that behavior is under hereditary control. It proposes that new species arise due to changes of social behavior; as behavior changes the gene frequency of an organism. But diverse literatures shows that social behavior is learned and experienced, not inherited. Consequently, evolution of new species through modifications of behavior is not possible. Moreover, only social insects (ants, bees, wasps and termites) and few mammals are social. Hence, this theory is applicable for these few animals. Humans are actually social, nevertheless most biologists and sociologists disagree to apply the idea of Sociobiology to human; as if the human social behavior is inherited then struggle, to desirable social change of the people become needless. Hence, ‘Sociobiology Study Group of Science for the People’ rejects Sociobiology. Moreover, Sociobiology is based on natural selection but it is opposite to natural selection. In addition, Sociobiology includes different subjects haphazardly but specialists of those subjects opposed strongly Sociobiology. It is claim that Sociobiology is based on Neo-Darwinism but any biologist included it an agent of Neo-Darwinism. Moreover, Neo-Darwinism is based on mutations, which is serious deleterious. There is no known example that a reproductive isolated organism arises through natural mutation or induced mutation. Although breeders have developed some new plants varieties through induced mutations, yet it backs to wild type over time. In addition, there is only journal of Sociobiology. But the title of the journal, it contents and the editorial announcements proved that Sociobiology is not a theory of evolution but a branch of entomology, which deals with social insects. E.O. Wilson is also an entomologist.

Full Text:

PDF 131-142


Albury, William R. (1980). Essay Review: Politics and Rhetoric in the Sociobiology Debate. Social Studies of Science, 10(4), 519-536.

Ayala, FJ, & Kiger, JA. (1980). Multiple Alleles. Modern Genetics. The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Co., Inc. Reading, Massachusetts, 45-48.

Bakker, Theo CM, & Traniello, James FA. (2016). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology at 40: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Bateson, Patrick. (1986). Sociobiology and human politics. In S. P. R. Rose & L. Appignanesi (Eds.), Science and Beyond (pp. 79--99): B. Blackwell in Association with the Institute of Contemporary Arts.

Baxter, Brian. (2016). A Darwinian worldview: Sociobiology, environmental ethics and the work of Edward O. Wilson: Routledge.

Bernstein, Ruth A, & Bernstein, Stephen. (1982). Biology: The study of life: Holt Rinehart & Winston.

Boyd, Robert, & Richerson, Peter J. (1988). Culture and the evolutionary process: University of Chicago press.

Castro, P., & Hubner, M.E. (1997). Marine Biology. New York: WCB/McGraw-Hill.

Castro, Peter, & Huber, Micheal E. (1997). Marine Biology. Wm. C: Brown Publishers.

Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi Luca, & Feldman, Marcus W. (1981). Cultural transmission and evolution: a quantitative approach: Princeton University Press.

Cosmides, Leda, & Tooby, John. (1987). From evolution to behavior: Evolutionary psychology as the missing link. In J. Dupre (Ed.), The Latest on the Best: Essays on Evolution and Optimality: MIT Press.

Creanza, Nicole, Kolodny, Oren, & Feldman, Marcus W. (2017). Cultural evolutionary theory: How culture evolves and why it matters. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(30), 7782-7789.

Darwin, Charles. (1896). The descent of man and selection in relation to sex (Vol. 1): D. Appleton.

Darwin, Charles, & Wallace, Alfred. (1858). On the variation of organic beings in a state of nature. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London (Zoology), 3, 45-52.

Dennis, Alex. (2018). The strange survival and apparent resurgence of sociobiology. History of the Human Sciences, 31(1), 19-35.

Eysenck, HJ. (1980). Sociobiology-standing on one leg. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 3(2), 186-186.

Freese, Jeremy. (2000). What should sociology do about Darwin?: Evaluating some potential contributions of sociobiology and evolutionary psychology to sociology. (Doctoral dissertation), Indiana University.

Gritsanov, A, Abushenko, V, Evelkin, G, Sokolova, G, & Tereshchenko, O. (2003). Sociology: encyclopedia. Interpresservis, Knizhny Dom, Minsk, 1312.

Henrich, Joseph, & McElreath, Richard. (2003). The evolution of cultural evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews: Issues, News, and Reviews, 12(3), 123-135.

Ho, Mae-Wan. (1988). On not holding nature still: Evolution by process, not by consequence. Evolutionary processes and metaphors, 117-141.

Hunt, Morton. (2017). The new know-nothings: The political foes of the scientific study of human nature: Routledge.

Jordan, EL, & Verma, PS. (1977). Chordate Zoology & Animal Physiology. S. Chand & Company Ltd. Rnanagar, New Delhi, 110055(426), 466-472.

Kaye, Howard. (2017). The social meaning of modern biology: From social Darwinism to sociobiology: Routledge.

Lopreato, Joseph, & Crippen, Timothy. (2018). Crisis in sociology: The need for Darwin: Routledge.

McGaughran, Julie, Sinnott, Stephen, Moal, Florence Dastot‐Le, Wilson, Meredith, Mowat, David, Sutton, Bridget, & Goossens, Michel. (2005). Recurrence of Mowat–Wilson syndrome in siblings with the same proven mutation. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A, 137(3), 302-304.

Segerstrale, Ullica. (2000). Defenders of the truth: The battle for science in the sociobiology debate and beyond. New York: Oxford University Press.

Smith, Eric Alden. (2017). Three styles in the evolutionary analysis of human behavior Adaptation and human behavior (pp. 27-46): Routledge.

Smith, Mahlon Brewster. (2017). Values, self and society: Toward a humanist social psychology: Routledge.

Smith, Stacey D. (2016). Pleiotropy and the evolution of floral integration. New Phytologist, 209(1), 80-85.

Snustad, D Peter. (2011). Principles of genetics: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Stout, Dietrich, & Hecht, Erin E. (2017). Evolutionary neuroscience of cumulative culture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(30), 7861-7868.

Todd, Peter M, Hertwig, Ralph, & Hoffrage, Ulrich. (2015). Evolutionary cognitive psychology. The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 2: Integrations, 2, 885.

White, Elliott. (1981). Sociobiology and human politics: Lexington Books.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

World of Researches Publication