Interfering with Childhood Externalizing Behavioral Disorder Symptoms: the Effectiveness of Parents Management

Azam Fazeli, Majid MahmoudAlilou, Mansour Bayrami


Introduction: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of parent management training to improve of symptoms children's externalizing behavior disorders was conducted. Method: The present research is a single case study and it is type of quasi-experimental research and research design is pretest, posttest, follow up three subjects no control group because the subjects were evaluated once before offering training methods, again were reassessed after eight sessions training, for the third time in a month after the end of training sessions as a follow-up using: CSI-4, CPRS48, PSI were evaluated and using descriptive and inferential statistical techniques output of SPSS software, diagrams are drawn and required parameters were calculated. Results: Based on these findings, the result is Parent training cause improve symptoms in children with externalizing disorders. Conclusions: The overall, parent training programs has focused on the treatment of maladaptive behavior and research findings show parents training affecting on child behavior problems and reduce the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Full Text:

PDF 48-54


Abidin, R. R. (1997). Parenting Stress Index: a measure of the parent–child system.

Annan, J., Sim, A., Puffer, E. S., Salhi, C., & Betancourt, T. S. (2017). Improving mental health outcomes of Burmese migrant and displaced children in Thailand: A community-based randomized controlled trial of a parenting and family skills intervention. Prevention Science, 18(7), 793-803.

Beauchaine, T. P. (2017). Child and adolescent psychopathology: John Wiley & Sons.

Butcher, J. N., Mineka, S., & Hooley, J. M. (2007). Abnormal psychology: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson Education.

Chronis, A. M., Gamble, S. A., Roberts, J. E., & Pelham Jr, W. E. (2006). Cognitive-behavioral depression treatment for mothers of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Behavior therapy, 37(2), 143-158.

Conners, C. K. (1969). A teacher rating scale for use in drug studies with children. American journal of psychiatry, 126(6), 884-888.

Costin, J., Lichte, C., Hill-Smith, A., Vance, A., & Luk, E. (2004). Parent group treatments for children with oppositional defiant disorder. Australian e-Journal for the advancement of mental health, 3(1), 36-43.

Gardner, F., & Shaw, D. S. (2009). Behavioral problems of infancy and preschool children (0–5). Rutter's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Fifth Edition, 882-893.

Ghanizadeh, A., Mohammadi, M. R., & Moini, R. (2008). Comorbidity of psychiatric disorders and parental psychiatric disorders in a sample of Iranian children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 12(2), 149-155.

Goyette, C. H., Conners, C. K., & Ulrich, R. F. (1978). Normative data on revised Conners parent and teacher rating scales. Journal of abnormal child psychology, 6(2), 221-236.

Hayden, E. P., & Mash, E. J. (2014). Child psychopathology: A developmental-systems perspective. New York: NY, US: Guilford Press.

Husby, S. M., & Wichstrøm, L. (2017). Interrelationships and continuities in symptoms of oppositional defiant and conduct disorders from age 4 to 10 in the community. Journal of abnormal child psychology, 45(5), 947-958.

Javanbakht, A., Rosenberg, D., Haddad, L., & Arfken, C. L. (2018). Mental Health in Syrian Refugee Children Resettling in the United States: War Trauma, Migration, and the Role of Parental Stress. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 57(3), 209-211. e202.

Leijten, P., Raaijmakers, M. A., de Castro, B. O., & Matthys, W. (2013). Does socioeconomic status matter? A meta-analysis on parent training effectiveness for disruptive child behavior. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 42(3), 384-392.

Loeber, R., Burke, J. D., Lahey, B. B., Winters, A., & Zera, M. (2000). Oppositional defiant and conduct disorder: a review of the past 10 years, part I. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(12), 1468-1484.

Marmorstein, N. R. (2007). Relationships between anxiety and externalizing disorders in youth: the influences of age and gender. Journal of anxiety disorders, 21(3), 420-432.

Mash, E. J., & Barkley, R. A. (2014). Child psychopathology: Guilford Publications.

Maughan, B., Rowe, R., Messer, J., Goodman, R., & Meltzer, H. (2004). Conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder in a national sample: developmental epidemiology. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 45(3), 609-621.

Mercer, N., Crocetti, E., Meeus, W., & Branje, S. (2017). Examining the relation between adolescent social anxiety, adolescent delinquency (abstention), and emerging adulthood relationship quality. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 30(4), 428-440.

Milne, J. M., Edwards, J. K., & Murchie, J. C. (2001). Family treatment of oppositional defiant disorder: Changing views and strength-based approaches. The Family Journal, 9(1), 17-28.

Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Rector, N. A. (2015). Abnormal psychology: McGraw-Hill Boston.

Noordermeer, S. D., Luman, M., & Oosterlaan, J. (2016). A systematic review and meta-analysis of neuroimaging in oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) taking attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) into account. Neuropsychology review, 26(1), 44-72.

Reyno, S. M., & McGrath, P. J. (2006). Predictors of parent training efficacy for child externalizing behavior problems–a meta‐analytic review. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 47(1), 99-111.

Richard, R., Barbara, M., Andrew, P., Jane, C., & Adrian, A. (2002). The relation between DSM-IV oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder: Finding from the great smoky maintains study. J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 43, 39-50.

Rosenberg, L. A., & Jani, S. (1995). Cross‐cultural studies with the Conners Rating Scales. Journal of clinical psychology, 51(6), 820-826.

Sanders, M. R. (2000). Community-based parenting and family support interventions and the prevention of drug abuse. Addictive behaviors, 25(6), 929-942.

Sanders, M. R., Bor, W., & Morawska, A. (2007). Maintenance of treatment gains: a comparison of enhanced, standard, and self-directed Triple P-Positive Parenting Program. Journal of abnormal child psychology, 35(6), 983.

Shahaeian, A., Shahim, S., Bashash, L., & Yousefi, F. (2007). Standardization, Factor Analysis and Reliability of the Conners'parent Rating Scales for 6 To 11 Years Old Children in Shiraz. Journal of Educational Psychology Studies, 3(3), 97-120.

Talaei, A., Mokhber, N., Abdollahian, E., Bordbar, M. R. F., & Salari, E. (2010). Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a survey on prevalence rate among male subjects in elementary school (7 to 9 years old) in Iran. Journal of Attention Disorders, 13(4), 386-390.

Tavakolizade, J., Bolhari, J., Mehryar, A., & Dejkam, M. (1997). Epidemiology of behavioral and attention deficit disorders in primary school students Ghonabad. Andisheh Va Raftar Quarterly, 3(1), 2.

Tzang, R.-F., Chang, Y.-C., Tsai, G. E., & Lane, H.-Y. (2016). Sarcosine treatment for oppositional defiant disorder symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder children. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 30(10), 976-982.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

World of Researches Publication