The Comparison of physical health, psychological health, social relationship and environmental condition in Active & Inactive Elderly People

Majid Vesalinaseh, Mahmoud Sheikh, Rasoul Hemayattalab, Fazlollah Bagherzadeh


The aim of this study was to compare the physical health, psychological health, social relationships and environmental condition of elderly people with different levels of physical activity in Tehran. This study was descriptive - analytical and causal - comparative, which was done through field. For this purpose, 272 resident of Tehran (124 men and 148 women) aged over 60 years were selected randomly in public places throughout the city and interviewed by Examiners. Participants must be able to do normal daily activities and did not have any illness or particular physical and motor disabilities. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was used to measure the level of physical activity. World Health Organization Quality of Life – 26 (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to assess quality of life aspects such as physical health domain, psychological domain, social relationship domain and environmental domain in older adults. The results showed that There is no significant different between aspects of quality of life in elderly people with different levels of physical activity. The results of this study indicate significant role of physical activity as a leisure & recreational activity in promotion of elderly quality of life.


Full Text:

PDF 18-25


Badriazarin, Y. (2013). Compare the quality of life in elderly athletes and non-athletes in Tabriz. Iranian Journal of Ageing, 8(3), 74-82.

Bandeen-Roche, K., Xue, Q.-L., Ferrucci, L., Walston, J., Guralnik, J. M., Chaves, P., . . . Fried, L. P. (2006). Phenotype of frailty: characterization in the women's health and aging studies. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 61(3), 262-266.

Bloom, D. E., Canning, D., & Fink, G. (2010). Implications of population ageing for economic growth. Oxford review of economic policy, 26(4), 583-612.

Bonder, B. R., & Dal Bello-Haas, V. (2017). Functional performance in older adults: FA Davis.

Boutcher, S. H. (2000). Cognitive performance, fitness and ageing. Physical activity and psychological well-being, 118-129.

Burich, R., Teljigović, S., Boyle, E., & Sjøgaard, G. (2015). Aerobic training alone or combined with strength training affects fitness in elderly: randomized trial. European journal of sport science, 15(8), 773-783.

Charles, S. T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2010). Social and emotional aging. Annual review of psychology, 61, 383-409.

Christensen, K., Doblhammer, G., Rau, R., & Vaupel, J. W. (2009). Ageing populations: the challenges ahead. The Lancet, 374(9696), 1196-1208.

Cruz, G. T., Saito, Y., & Natividad, J. N. (2007). Active life expectancy and functional health transition among Filipino older people. Canadian Studies in Population, 34(1), 29-47.

Dustman, R. E., Emmerson, R., & Shearer, D. (1994). Physical activity, age, and cognitive-neuropsychological function. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 2(2), 143-181.

Etnier, J., & Landers, D. (1997). The Influence Of Age And Fitness On Performance And Learning 699. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 29(5), 122.

Etnier, J. L., & Landers, D. M. (1997). The influence of age and fitness on performance and learning. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 5(3), 175-189.

Felce, D. (1997). Defining and applying the concept of quality of life. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 41(2), 126-135.

Gregory, S. M., Parker, B., & Thompson, P. D. (2012). Physical activity, cognitive function, and brain health: what is the role of exercise training in the prevention of dementia? Brain sciences, 2(4), 684-708.

Haraldstad, K., Rohde, G., Stea, T. H., Lohne-Seiler, H., Hetlelid, K., Paulsen, G., & Berntsen, S. (2017). Changes in health-related quality of life in elderly men after 12 weeks of strength training. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 14(1), 8.

Harman, D. (1994). Aging: prospects for further increases in the functional life span. Age, 17(4), 119-146.

Haywood, K., Garratt, A., & Fitzpatrick, R. (2005). Quality of life in older people: a structured review of generic self-assessed health instruments. Quality of life Research, 14(7), 1651-1668.

Hedayati, B. (2015). The effect of implementation of family-centered empowerment model on the self-esteem of the old people with hypertension. Journal of education and health promotion, 4.

Hu, F. B., Li, T. Y., Colditz, G. A., Willett, W. C., & Manson, J. E. (2003). Television watching and other sedentary behaviors in relation to risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. Jama, 289(14), 1785-1791.

Lakka, T. A., Venalainen, J. M., Rauramaa, R., Salonen, R., Tuomilehto, J., & Salonen, J. T. (1994). Relation of leisure-time physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness to the risk of acute myocardial infarction in men. New England Journal of Medicine, 330(22), 1549-1554.

Lautenschlager, N. T., & Almeida, O. P. (2006). Physical activity and cognition in old age. Current opinion in psychiatry, 19(2), 190-193.

Lavie, C. J., Milani, R. V., Cassidy, M. M., & Gilliland, Y. E. (1999). Effects of cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training programs in women with depression. The American journal of cardiology, 83(10), 1480-1483.

Leach, B. J. (2003). Exercise Level and Age as Related to Self-perceived Physical Health, Mental Health, and Social Health in Older Adults. University of San Diego.

Milani, R. V., & Lavie, C. J. (2007). Impact of cardiac rehabilitation on depression and its associated mortality. The American journal of medicine, 120(9), 799-806.

Moore, K. A., & Blumenthal, J. (1998). Exercise training as an alternative treatment for depression among older adults. Alternative therapies in health and Medicine, 4(1), 48-56.

Mundy, R. R. (1998). Exercise training as an alternative treatment for depression among older adults. ONS Nursing Scan in Oncology, 7(3), 9.

Netuveli, G., & Blane, D. (2008). Quality of life in older ages. British medical bulletin, 85(1), 113-126.

Organization, W. H. (2006). Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health: a framework to monitor and evaluate implementation.

Payne, V. G., & Isaacs, L. D. (2017). Human motor development: A lifespan approach: Routledge.

Rejeski, W. J., & Mihalko, S. L. (2001). Physical activity and quality of life in older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 56(suppl_2), 23-35.

Ritch, A. (2012). History of geriatric medicine: from Hippocrates to Marjory Warren. JR Coll Physicians Edinb, 42(4), 368-374.

Segal, D. L., Qualls, S. H., & Smyer, M. A. (2018). Aging and mental health: John Wiley & Sons.

Singh, M. A. F. (2002). Exercise comes of age: rationale and recommendations for a geriatric exercise prescription. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 57(5), M262-M282.

Ware Jr, J. E. (2000). SF-36 health survey update. Spine, 25(24), 3130-3139.

Woodhall, B., & Jablon, S. (1957). Prospects for further increase in average longevity. Geriatrics, 12, 586-591.

Yan, T. (2009). Translating two physical activity programs for older adults into home-and community-based settings:“Active Start” and “Healthy Moves for Aging Well”: University of Southern California.

Zimmer, Z., Martin, L. G., & Chang, M.-C. (2002). Changes in functional limitation and survival among older Taiwanese, 1993, 1996, and 1999. Population Studies, 56(3), 265-276.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

World of Researches Publication