Predicting Psychological Well-Being Based on Life Expectancy in Patients with Heart Failure in Karaj, Iran

Zahra Darzi, Zohreh Sadeghi, Nafiseh Yousefi, Ali Nemati

Abstract


In people with heart failure, psychological problems secondary to the disease are very common that directly affect their psychological well-being; In the meantime, the feature of life expectancy can moderate this effect favorably. The aim of this study was to predict psychological well-being based on life expectancy in patients with heart failure in Karaj. The method of the present study was descriptive of correlation and predictive equation. The present study population included all patients with heart failure referred to Hospitals in Karaj in the first quarter of 2018, of which 265 were selected using the available sampling method and according to the entry and exit conditions of the study and completed the Reef (1989) Psychological Well-Being Questionnaire, Schneider et al.'s (1991) Life Expectancy Questionnaire. The obtained data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regressions. Findings showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between the total score of life expectancy and some of their subscales with psychological well-being of patients with heart failure (P <0.05). Also, the results of regression analysis showed that factor thinking and spiritual effects positively predict a total of 23% of psychological well-being changes in patients with heart failure (R = 0.228). Based on this, it can be concluded that life expectancy variable is related to psychological well-being of patients with heart failure and is able to predict it to some extent.

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