Teaching Positive Thinking and Praying on Life Satisfaction in Elderly Women with Depression and Anxiety

Mahtab Naraghi Rad, Fariba Ghodsbin, Masoume Rambod

Abstract


The increase in the number of the elderly and their encountering various social challenges, financial constraints, reduced physical and mental health harms the elderly, and in parallel with these problems, their life satisfaction decreases. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of teaching positive thinking and prayer on life satisfaction of elderly females with depression and anxiety referred to Imam Reza (AS) specialized and sub-specialized clinic in Shiraz (Iran). This is a quasi-experimental study with a pre-test-post-test design in which 83 elderly females with anxiety and depression who referred to the specialized and sub-specialized clinic of Imam Reza (AS) in Shiraz and had the lowest score in satisfaction with Life samples were obtained using convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The data collection tool was Z-Form Demographic and Life Satisfaction Questionnaire. The experimental group received eight sessions of 90 minutes (once a week) of positive thinking and prayer training, but there were no interventions for the control group. Immediately and one month after the end of the training sessions, both groups were evaluated with the (Life Satisfaction Index) LSI-Z. The mean score of life satisfaction in the experimental group improved significantly from (7.6. 2.89) to (12.08 ± 2.44) from before to one month after the intervention. While in the control group, the mean score of life satisfaction increased from (7.38±3.6) to (9.29±3.7). Considering the time, group, and time in the group, there is a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<001). The results showed that creating an attitude and cultivating positive thoughts as well as relying on spiritual beliefs leads to improved life satisfaction in the elderly.

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