The Second Wave of Positive Psychology and the Horizons Ahead

Hamid Haghighi, Zibandeh Hamedi, Badriye Bakhtari, Forough Hamedi


Positive psychology has been considered by researchers and theorists in various fields of psychology since its inception in this century. Emphasis on human strengths instead of focusing on mental injuries and illnesses is one of the strengths of this approach, which takes a positive view of human nature. Despite the initial reception and attention, there was also a critique of the positivist psychological approach, the most important of which is to have a look at two categories (good or evil and good or bad). Extreme focus on the positive aspects of the thoughts, behaviors, and emotions that have led to the tyranny of positivism, Avoiding issues that require suffering and death, Focusing on concepts Derived from Western cultures and individualism, he noted the neglect of the orthodox and humanistic psychological aspects, emphasizing the positivist paradigm and laboratory findings. In response to these criticisms, some experts in the field started a new movement known as the second wave of positivist psychology. This approach has tried to create new horizons for itself. Choosing a dialectical approach instead of two categories, focusing on non-Western cultures and contextual and indigenous psychology, achieving sustainable well-being through the use of the dark aspects of human existence (suffering, death, fear) Disease), emphasis on qualitative and compositional methodology in future research, adopting a humanistic position on human virtues, emphasis on other sources such as literature, philosophy, and religion are the most critical new horizons that The second wave has created positive psychology for itself.

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