Predicting Self- Efficacy to Deal With the Problems Based On the Dimensions of Students' Hope and Mental Well-Being

KhiroNesa Nasiri, Nosrat Bakhtari, Rahimeh Jokar

Abstract


This study aimed to predict the Self- Efficacy to Deal with the Problems based on the dimensions of hope and mental well-being of students. The research method was descriptive-correlation. The statistical population included all students of the Islamic Azad University in Iran, which was equal to 14,100 people (7470 boys and 6630 girls) in the academic year 1396-97. Statistical sample According to Cochran's formula, 374 people (196 boys and 178 girls) were select by stratified random sampling. Data collection tools were standard questionnaires of Self- Efficacy to Deal with the Problems, Schneider's hope (2002), and mental well-being. The content validity of questionnaires, according to the experts and their reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha test of 0.87, 0.84, and 0.84, respectively. Descriptive and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation tests and multivariate regression analysis) was use to analyze the data. The dimensions of mental well-being (positive and negative emotional well-being, psychological well-being, and social well-being) predicted 44.6% of the variance of self-efficacy in coping with problems (P≤0.05). Students who have high hopes and mental well-being have higher Self- Efficacy to Deal with the Problems.

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References


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