Analytical Study of the Role of Resilience and Life Expectancy in Psychological Well-Being of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (M.S)

Parisa KhanipourKakesh, Mona MovahediShakib, Atefeh HajizadehSanzighi, Afsaneh Tafakori

Abstract


Multiple sclerosis is one of the most common neurological diseases in humans and the most debilitating disease of young people whose severity is inversely related to mental health. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of resilience and life expectancy in predicting psychological well-being of patients Designed and implemented in M.S. Considering the importance of psychological well-being in promoting the health of patients with M.S, it is important to study the variables that affect it such as resilience and life expectancy. This study was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical population of this study was all patients with M.S in Isfahan in 2019. Participants were 562 patients with M.S referred to the physiotherapy department of the M.S. Association who were selected by convenience sampling. For data collection, three questionnaires of psychological well-being "Reef", resilience "Connor and Davidson" and life expectancy of "Schneider" et al. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression model. The results of this study showed a positive and significant relationship between psychological well-being and resilience (r = 0.386) and life expectancy (r = 0.396) in patients with M.S. Also, the regression results showed that the subscales of factor thinking and spiritual effects can predict 0.228 of the psychological well-being changes in patients with M.S. Considering the determinants of psychological well-being in this study, it is possible to increase the psychological well-being of patients with M.S and the quality of nursing care by implementing interventions such as resilience training programs and psychological therapies focused on hope.

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