The role of parent-child interaction in predicting the self-expression of first year high school students

Fatemeh Nedaei


The expression of high school students can be influenced by the interaction between parents and children, as well as the dominant emotional atmosphere of the family. This study aimed to explore this relationship and predict the expression of female first-year high school students in Rasht during the first semester of the academic year 2020. A sample of 250 participants was selected using the Morgan table and random cluster sampling method, with data collected through the Expression of Ratus (1985) questionnaire, parent-child relationship Fine et al (1983), and Hill Burn family emotional atmosphere questionnaire. The results showed a positive and significant relationship between father-child interaction scores, mother-child interaction scores, and overall family scores, with various components such as positive feelings, conflict, communication, love, caress, shared experience, giving, and encouragement positively influencing student expression. In contrast, negative components such as father's anger and hatred/loss of the mother's role were found to have a negative relationship with student expression. Regression analysis identified father's positive feelings, determining the mother's identity, and positive encouragement as predictors for increased student expression, while variables such as hatred/loss of role and father's anger predicted decreased expression. Overall, the findings suggest that parent-child interaction and emotional family atmosphere play a critical role in predicting and shaping the expression of high school students.


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