Attachment style or psychological resilience? Which can explain the quality of life of female students?
The aim of the current study was to explore the relationship between attachment and resilience styles with the quality of life of female students. A practical research design was employed using a descriptive-correlational method. The statistical population consisted of all female high school students in Iran during the 2020-2021 academic year. A sample of 300 individuals was selected using simple random sampling without replacement. Results showed that secure attachment style predicted positive and significant effects on quality of life (p<0.01 and Beta=0.408) while insecure attachment style had a negative effect (p<0.01 and Beta=-0.161). Secure attachment style accounted for 16% of positive life quality, while insecure attachment style accounted for only 2.6% of negative life quality. Additionally, resilience had a significant positive effect on life quality (p<0.01 and Beta=0.479), explaining 22% of its variance. Moreover, there was a significant relationship between secure attachment style and resilience (p<0.01 and r=0.879) and between insecure attachment style and resilience (p<0.01 and r=-0.157). These findings suggest that attachment style significantly affects the quality of life among female students and that resilience is a crucial positive psychological component to enhance life quality. Furthermore, this research highlights the importance of primary relationship quality by demonstrating the relationship between resilience and attachment style.
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