The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, especially in Article 44, accepted the mixed economic system with the priority of the state system and an order. With the inefficiency of this system and the existence of monopoly in many markets, the Iranian economic system in recent years inevitably changed. It hit its main and sub-branch. For this reason, as one of the requirements, it has implemented the competition rules and the prohibition of monopoly in the framework of the Article Amendment Law of the Fourth Development Plan and the implementation of the general policies of Article 44 of the Constitution. Studies show that there is a monopoly and concentration in some markets in the Iranian economy. In order to achieve competitive market conditions and increase efficiency and economic prosperity, the need to formulate a comprehensive law to facilitate competition and control and prevent monopolies has always been emphasized. In order to achieve the envisaged goals, the legislator, while focusing on the "Competition Council" to identify anti-competitive acts and issue rulings to prevent such acts, special measures for the Competition Council, including the establishment of regulatory bodies in the market of monopoly goods and services and determination Examples of anti-competitive practices, the development of guidelines, inspections and investigations, orders to terminate contracts, and penalties for committing and engaging in prohibited acts are the subject of this law. The results of this study show that the failure to amend Article 44 of the Constitution and the late adoption of the General Policy Implementation Law of Article 44, led to the formation of many monopolies and widespread anti-competitive behavior by businesses, especially the government and the country's economic climate. As a symbol of a non-competitive economy.
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