The future of energy in the Middle East through re-regionalization in the borders

Nawar Al-Saadi


As a result of the discovery of enormous oil reserves in the Arab Gulf area, the Middle East has become the central location for the extension and development of Western pipeline technology. In contrast to the limitless world depicted in certain stories of globalization, the creation of strong political boundaries directly under the supervision of national governments for pipeline deployment with few border crossings has been witnessed since 1956. In the Middle East, this low permeability of borders posed fewer hazards than the uncertainties stemming from having to pass many nations; hence, the sovereign state seemed to be the optimal container for oil transit. The conclusion proposes the notion of re-territorialization as an explanation for the multi-level changes that have occurred, including transformations in geography, commercial structures, and international relations.

Keywords:  Globalization, Borders, Middle East, Oil Economy.

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